Institute for Informatics
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

Databases and Information Systems

dbis
Uni Göttingen

Projektseminar
Web Data Integration and Data Management
Summer 2015

Prof. Dr. Wolfgang May may@informatik.uni-goettingen.de
Daniel Schubert, MSc schubert@informatik.uni-goettingen.de

Technical Data

  • Advanced Bachelor or Master/Diploma in Applied Computer Science or Information Systems (Wirtschaftsinformatik)
  • Prerequisites/Vorbedingungen: Basic Knowledge in e.g. XML and/or RDF
  • 6 ECTS
  • Number of participants: max. 16-20 (about 8-10 talks of 1 or 2 persons)
  • Language: German and english are allowed. Reading of english text/documentation is required.

Time Schedule

  • first meeting at the beginning of the semester:
    Monday 20.4. 14h c.t. SR 2.101, IFI: First Meeting
    Assignment of topics and papers.
  • April-June: preparation of case studies and presentations, individual meetings
  • Registration/Deregistration in FlexNever is open until 30.6.
  • Talks: the talks take place on Friday, August 7th:
    • 11:00 Sven Jaeger: Hybrid OWL Reasoning - Pagoda (= mapping OWL to Logic Programming as far as possible, and coupling it for disjunction and Open World negation with an OWL reasoner)
    • Lunch Break
    • 13:30 or 14:00 (to be determined then) Azadeh Amiri and Dorna Amiri: DBPedia and Yago. These are two "large" RDF datasets that have been scrapped from Wikipedia pages. First, there was DBPedia, and then Yago started as a competing project.

Contents

There is a lot of data available in the Web and in the Semantic Web. Web data is usually provided in a human-readable form of Web pages (including forms, the so-called Deep Web), while it cannot be processd in a database-style way by users. Data Extraction, e.g. from the CIA World Factbook or from Wikipedia, is thus a neverending "hot topic". Apart from pattern-based approaches, also Natural Language Processing Approaches are used.

The Semantic Web (cf. lecture Semantic Web) makes some attempts to provide, extend and/or annotate Web Data towards a machine-readable way. For this, the RDF data format is used, together with the OWL ontology language for describing metadata.

Potential Topics

  • RDF database generated from wikipedia: DBpedia
    Comment: describe the project, evaluate its public interface and data quality, describe how its data is obtained, storage etc.
  • RDF database/ontology from wikipedia and geonames: YAGO/YAGO2
    Comment: describe the project, evaluate its public interface and data quality, describe how its data is obtained, storage etc.
    Starting Paper: Fabian M. Suchanek, Gjergji Kasneci, Gerhard Weikum: YAGO: A Core of Semantic Knowledge Unifying WordNet and Wikipedia. WWW 2007: 697-706
  • WebScrapping via Browser Automation with Selenium
    Comment: Evaluate, do a case study, and describe. Neither XML nor RDF knowledge required, but practical competence obviously needed.
  • WebScrapping with OXPath/Diadem (Oxford Univ.)
    Comment: Evaluate, do a case study, and describe. Based on XPath/XML. No RDF knowledge required, but XML/XPath knowledge required.
  • Pagoda (Oxford Univ.) : PAGOdA exploits a hybrid approach to answering conjunctive queries over OWL 2 ontologies that combines a datalog reasoner with a fully-fledged OWL 2 reasoner. Pagoda Project
  • The "Property-Graph" Data Model and the "Gremlin" query language. The Property-Graph Data Model extends RDF such that edges can also have properties (cf. the problem of reification of annotated edges in RDF, like "Russia is located (20%) in Europe"). Gremlin is a semi-declarative query language (cf. XQuery which is declarative, but looks imperative; Gremlin is actually imperative, but still in a very declarative way). Gremlin is e.g. implemented in the Neo4j, OrientDB, and TinkerGraph databases. (See e.g. here or here)
  • A theoretical paper that presents a true algebra over RDF data.
    Leonid Libkin, Juan L. Reutter, Domagoj Vrgoc: Trial for RDF: adapting graph query languages for RDF data. PODS 2013: 201-212
  • Open World, Incompleteness and Negation.
    Papers: Boris Motik, Ian Horrocks, Ulrike Sattler: Bridging the Gap between OWL and Relational Databases. WWW 2007.
    Alon Levy: Obtaining Complete Answers from Incomplete Databases. VLDB 1996.
  • RDF Annotations in HTML: RDF-A

Note: Papers can be found via the DBLP http://www.dblp.org (originally, DBLP meant "Databases and Logic Programming", but by now it covers all topics in Computer Science), or simply by searching for the paper title with google (this often yields the pdf directly). A list of other papers of the same authors can then be found via DBLP.

Form of the Seminar

The intention of the seminar is to get an overview of the state of the art in data integration from the Web and background data management.

For each topic, the following has to be done:

  • a written tutorial-style paper that gives an overview of an approach,
  • evaluate some tools, write a report (installation, functionality, usability, ...) [optionally german or english]
  • prepare an illustrative medium-size case study using one or more tools (optionally: comparatively)
  • a presentation giving the tutorial and showing a demo of how to use it (about 90 minutes incl. discussion; optionally german or english).